Fruits contain antioxidants and phytonutrients that are responsible for all manner of functions and miracles carried out by the human body every second of every day. And even more exciting are the new health benefits of eating fresh fruit that are yet to be discovered.
What is a Fruit?
Fruits are the swollen ovary of a plant and contain seeds. A fruit is a ripened ovary, enclosing the seeds which are the mature ovules. They can arise from a single carpel, or several carpels fused together, or separate carpels.
Some fruit which we eat such as bananas do in fact have seeds in them, although the seeds never mature and banana plants very rarely grow from a banana. Other fruit though, such as apples, pears, avocado etc. do produce viable seed which can produce a new plant if collected, planted and germinated.
Although most fruits contain approximately 300 calories per pound, some of the fruits on the list of fruits below are very caloricly dense, like dates, which are about 1300 calories per pound.
List of Fruits and benefits
Apple – overall tonic and contain pectin, a fiber that’s good for the digestive tract, supports immunity, research suggests it lowers Alzheimer’s risk, vitamin C, copper, magnesium, potassium, iron, manganese, phosphorus, trace minerals Apricot – rich in beta carotene, vitamin C, vitamin E, B5, copper iron, potassium, fiber.
Apricot - soft, sweet and juicy orange coloured fruit packed with beta-carotene.
Atemoya – is a hybrid of two fruits – the sugar apple (Annona squamosa) and the cherimoya (Annona cherimola) – which are both native to the American tropics.The atemoya fruit is an extremely flexible and robust fruit in the tropical region. An atemoya is normally heart-shaped or rounded, with pale-green, easily bruised, bumpy skin. Near the stem the skin is bumpy as it is in the sugar apple but become smoother like the Cherimoya on the bottom. The flesh is not segmented like that of the Sugar Apple, bearing more similarity to that of the Cherimoya.
Avocado – said to be good for liver and lower cholesterol levels, vitamin E, protein, iron and copper.
Banana – high vitamin and mineral content, particularly potassium, easily digested, increases fat burning, research suggests they lower risk of colorectal and kidney cancer, B6, vitamin C, B5, B2, folate, manganese, potassium, copper, magnesium
Bell peppers – (orange and red only, green are unripe) protects against sunburn, good for the heart, beta carotene, vitamin C, folate, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, vitamin E. vitamin K, iron, manganese.
Blackberry – build bone density, suppresses appetite, enhances fat burning, phytonutrients ,vitamin C, beta carotene, folate, B5, vitamin E. vitamin K, manganese, copper, iron, magnesium, zinc , fiber.
Blackcurrant – A european native currant also popular for jams.
Blueberry – high in antioxidants & phytonutrients, good for urinary tract and brain rejuvenation, fiber, vitamin K, vitamin C, manganese, copper, iron.
Breadfruit – a single Malayan tree produces up to 200 or more grapefruit sized fruits each season. Breadfruit flesh can be roasted, baked or fried and the taste is like bread (hence the name).
Cantaloupe – immunity support, protects against sunburn, reduces inflammation, cleanser and great for rehydrating, great nutrient profile, very high in beta carotene, vitamin C, folate, B3, potassium, copper
Cherimoya or custard apple. – A delicious south american fruit with a white flesh which does indeed taste of apples and custard. The seeds and skin are toxic, but the flesh is utterly delicious.
Cherry – detoxifying, laxative, cleanser, reduce inflammation, lowers bad cholesterol, vitamin C, magnesium, iron, silicon,
Clementine – A sweet orange citrus fruit from the mandarin family. Clementines are much easier to peel than oranges.
Coconut - – The fruit of the coconut palm is harvested throughout the tropical world for food, oil and Coir (the brown fibrous husk of the coconut).
Cranberry – great for respiratory and urinary tracts, tannic and oxalic acids
Cucumber – alkaline, diuretic, great cleanser, vitamin K, B5, silicon, potassium, copper
Date – nutrient dense, B5, B3, B2, beta carotene, copper, potassium, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, calcium, iron, fiber
Dragon Fruit, Pitaya Fruit, Pitahaya Fruit – It is a favorite to the people of Asian origin. It features a mouth watering light sweet taste, with an intense shape and color, not to forget its outstanding flowers. In addition to being tasty and cool, this is a beautiful fruit with a lot of water and other vital minerals with varied nutritional ingredients. The fruit originates from the dragon fruit cactus plant, which is usually appears like as vines. Dragon fruit tastes wonderfull which is sweet and crunchy, with a flavor that resembles both kiwi and pear, a cross of both… Inside, the texture is like a cross between a thin melon and a pear, but scattered with tiny crunchy seeds, like a kiwi. The taste is also fairly melon-like, in that it is bland.
Durian – high in potassium and sulfur which makes them a warming fruit, vitamin C, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, folate, copper, manganese, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron
Fig – highly alkaline, highly mineralized, laxative, intestinal cleanser, B1, B5, B6, beta carotene, calcium, copper, manganese, iron, calcium
Grape – Research shows that grapes are a profound heart and blood vitalizing food. Red grapes contain the most resveratrol, antioxidants, quercetin and other polyphenols, which also keep blood platelets from sticking together, and they are also a great source of boron to prevent osteoporosis. Grapes contain anti-cancer phytonutrients and have been praised to help with varicose veins, inflammation, anemia and rheumatoid arthritis. Detoxifier, cleansing, iron, magnesium, boron, anti viral, cancer-preventative, research today shows that grapes are a profound heart and blood vitalizing food. Red grapes contain the most resveratrol, antioxidants, quercetin and other polyphenols, which also keep blood platelets from sticking together, and they are also a great source of boron to prevent osteoporosis. Grapes contain anti-cancer phytonutrients and have been praised to help with varicose veins, inflammation, anemia and rheumatoid arthritis. Detoxifier, cleansing, iron, magnesium, boron, anti viral, cancer-preventative.
Grapefruit – High in pectins, they strengthens blood vessels and capillaries and reduces the accumulation of atherosclerotic plaque in those afflicted with this problem. Grapefruit juice eases constipation and improves digestion but can reduce appetite, aiding in weight loss. It’s said grapefruit is good to eat for cancers, heart problems, strokes, constipation, the blood and nerves. Digestive aid, vascular health, removal of inorganic calcium from joints.
Guava – Round or oval fruits between 4 and 12 cm long. The taste is slightly perfumed and sweet and Guavas are packed with vitamins A and C.
Jackfruit – laxative, nutritious, juicy fruit gum was a takeoff on jackfruit flavor, beta carotene, vitamin C, B2, B6
Jujube (aka Chinese date) – Vitamin C, potassium, phosphorus, manganese and calcium minerals, there are also high amounts of sodium, zinc, iron and copper
Kiwi – Removes excess sodium buildup, enzymes help in correcting and soothing digestive system, said to eliminate wrinkles, vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin, E, folate, copper, potassium
Kumquat – calcium, beta carotene, vitamin C, iron, magnesium
Lemon – Is the most potent detoxifier of all the citric fruits. It kills intestinal parasites and dissolves gallstones. It’s said lemons are good to eat for cancers, heart problems, strokes, constipation, the blood and nerves. Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, cleansing, alkalizing effect
Limes – Contains bioflavonoids, citric acid and pectin. It’s said limes are good to eat for cancers, heart problems, strokes, constipation, the blood and nerves. Calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, cleansing, alkalizing effect.
Loganberry – A cross between raspberries and blackberries and like both parents is high vitamin C.
Loquat – High in beta carotene, dietary fiber, potassium, and manganese, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus.
Lychee – High in polyphenols, taste somewhat like grapes, vitamin C, copper, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium.
Longan – High in vitamin C, magnesium and potassium.
Mamey Sapote – Tastes like, but sweeter than sweet potato, anti bacterial
Mango – Good for kidneys and digestion, blood cleanser, supports immune system, lowers bad cholesterol, vitamin C, beta carotene, calcium, potassium
Mangosteen – Antimicrobial, antiviral, said by many to be a super fruit for all its nutritional benefits. The alpha-mangostin, an antioxidant found in it can cause cell death in leukemia cells, effectively treating the disease. mangosteen is also said to have powerful anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antifungal, and antiseptic properties.
Melon – In Italy the melon sellers walk the beaches selling slices of cool watermelon to sunbathers. The massive heavy round green fruits are cut open to reveal a deep red watery sweet flesh that seems to dissolve in the mouth. One of the worlds great summer pleasures is spitting the inedible watermelon seeds out as far as possible.
Monstera Deliciouso – Is a tropical plant fruit native to Central America which goes by numerous names in all country. One of the most colorful nicknames is Monstera Delicisiosa or delicious monster. The monstrous part of fruit is not hard to figure out. The unripened fruit of the monstera fruit plant contains oxalic acid. The delicious title comes from the fully matured fruit. When the fruit of the monstera plant is ready to eat, it is said to smell wonderful and to have a flavor evocative of fruit salad. A mixture of pineapple and banana. Some other names for the plant are Mexican Breadfruit and Locusts and Wild Honey.
Nectarine – Digestive aid and cleanser, beta carotene, B3, vitamin C, vitamin E, copper.
Olives – very alkaline, lubricating, cleansing, calcium, sodium, magnesium, amino acids, antioxidants, vitamin A and E.
Oranges – contain 170 different phytonutrients and more than 60 known falconoid. These are shown to reduce inflammation, shrink tumors, and inhibit blood clots. The Herperidin in oranges can help to lower blood pressure and cholesterol. Contain bioflavonoids, citric acids and pectin. It’s said oranges are good to eat for cancers, heart problems, strokes, constipation, the blood and nerves. Digestive support, calcium, vitamin C.
Papaya – digestive support, cleansing, enhances fat burning, extremely nutrient dense, beta carotene, vitamin C, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron
Persimmon (Fuyu & Hachiya) – Mild laxative, sooth digestive system, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus.
Peach – laxative, diuretic, digestive aid, cleanser, alkaline, carotene, B3, vitamin C, vitamin E, potassium, calcium, magnesium, beta carotene.
Pear – Diuretic, alkaline, digestive aid, cleanser, fiber, iodine, vitamin C, copper.
Plum – Laxative, oxalic acid, beta carotene, antioxidants, phosphorus, potassium
Pineapple – Promotes joint health, reduces inflammation , diuretic, digestive aid, cleanser of mucus, mild laxative, calcium, vitamin C, folic acid, magnesium, manganese, beta carotene. Bromelain contained in pineapple also relieves indigestion. The enzyme present in this fruit helps to break down the amino acid bonds into proteins, which tends to promotes good digestion. Bromelain is a natural anti-inflammatory that permits many health benefits and encourages healing. Bromelain is also very effective in treating bruises, sprains and strains by reducing swelling, tenderness and pain. This powerful anti-inflammatory effect can also help to relieve rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and reduce postoperative swelling.
Pomegranate – Cleansing and good for the urinary tract, protects against sunburn, studies suggest it fights prostate cancer, vitamin C, magnesium, potassium, beta carotene. These fruits have been popular in tropical regions for thousands of years. The juice is now sold as having health giving high antioxidant levels.
Quince – The quince is related to apples and oranges, but unlike its relatives quinces are too hard to eat raw and taste pretty poor too. They need to be ‘bletted’ (softened by frost and then a little decay) before being eaten. They are generally used to make jams and jellies which have a certain ‘christmassy’ scent that sets them apart from other fruits.
Raspberries – Is said to lower bad cholesterol and inhibit certain cancer growth, antioxidant, vitamin C , vitamin K, vitamin E, folate, B5, manganese, copper, iron.
Satsuma – A citrus fruit smaller than an orange, which is both seedless and easy to peel.
Sapote – Vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus
Strawberry – Is beleived to protect against Alzheimer’s, reduce bad cholesterol, suppress growth of colon, prostate and oral cancers, and is high in vitamin C, folate, manganese, copper and iron.
Star fruit – Resemblance- It seems like a natural dazzle. It is an amazing fruit from the carambola tree. This fruit, when cut crosswise, bears a resemblance of a star and it is appropriately called, Star Fruit. This tropical treat fruit has been cultivated for hundreds of years throughout Southeast Asia. Mostly this kind of fruit is successful in the warm climates of Florida and Hawaii, it also famous for growing audience in even the United States’ Star shaped structure with perfect five pointed cut of crosswise, will appear like a golden yellow fruit . The edible skin of the fruit is shiny, thin and waxy to touch and taste.
Tangerine – Vitamin C, beta carotene, calcium, copper, magnesium, potassium
Tomato – Tomatoes are filled with antioxidants and phytonutrients, over 9,000 known phytonutrients to date. The main and most powerful antioxidant known in the tomato is lycopene. Lycopene is thought to protect the liver, lungs, prostate gland, colon and skin from sunburn among other things. Ongoing research seems to show that lycopene helps prevent macular degeneration, lower cholesterol, support the immune system and can help prevent and rid cancers. alkaline residue, reduces inflammation, and is high in vitamin C, B6, B5 ,B1, vitamin K, copper, iron, magnesium.
Ugli Fruit – It is very ugly. A huge great lump of a citrus fruit that is apparently a hybrid cross of grapefruit, orange and tangerine. Jamaican tangelo is the kinder, but less memorable name.
Watermelon – Protects against sunburn, said to reduce risk of prostate, ovarian and cervical cancers, cleanser, great for rehydrating, beta carotene, vitamin C, copper.